Drugs & Medications

The following are examples of commonly used medications for treating sporting injuries and other medical conditions.


Antibiotics are used in the treatment of infections, although they are only suitable for bacterial infections, not viral infections. They are not effective in treating viruses such as influenza.


Aspirin is a form of medication which has several uses. It has an analgesic (pain-reducing) effect similar to paracetamol and also at higher doses, an anti-inflammatory effect, similar to Ibuprofen.


Codeine is an opioid (opiate or narcotic) similar to morphine although not as strong. It is used for treating moderate pain and may also be prescribed for persistent dry coughs or to help control episodes of diarrhoea.


Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs which can be either injected locally or taken orally. Injected corticosteroids are more commonly used in musculoskeletal conditions, due to the maximal concentration at the site of injury and the reduced risk of side-effects.

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is a protein which is found naturally in all living organisms. In humans it is found in the skin and also in the articular cartilage and synovial fluids within joints such as the knee. It's role is to help with lubrication of the joint.


Ibuprofen is the most commonly used form of anti-inflammatory medication. These are sometimes called Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS) or Non-narcotic Analgesics (included in this group are Aspirin and Acetaminophen).


Morphine is a type of painkiller used for moderate to severe pain. It is classified as a strong opioid analgesic (also sometimes called narcotics). It is used to relieve moderate to severe pain and also in easing severe coughs. It works by affecting the nerves and brain to decrease the pain you feel or the urge to cough.

Muscle Relaxants

Muscle relaxants are a type of medication which reduce muscle spasms and tension. They are prodominantly used in treating severe cases of back pain.


Paracetamol is one of a group of analgesic medications. It is also known as acetaminophen. It is a painkiller which is effective on mild to moderate pain.